It is estimated that the dog and the human have 2,000 to 3,000 years of common existence. However, the relationship between the dog and the human is much older. Indeed, even if scientific studies can not certify the exact year, researchers have managed to find traces of domestication processes dating back 20,000 years.
Many of the popular dog breeds today grew up in the 18th and 19th centuries, like the German Shepherd or Boxer. But a surprising fact is that some breeds have survived several thousand years and have developed with humanity, maintaining a unique character and particular characteristics.
Quizfun invites you to discover the 18 oldest dog breeds in the world to learn more about the life of dogs.
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What are the oldest breeds of dogs?
To stop this long suspense, we can already say that the oldest dog breeds in the world are:
- The Persian Greyhound
- The Tibetan Mastiff
- The Siberian Husky
- The Greenland or Greenland Dog
- The Malamute of Alaska
- The Shiba inu
- The Akita inu
- The Shar Pei
- The chow chow
- The Eurasier
- Finnish Spitz
- The Japanese spaniel
- The Tibetan Spaniel
- The Péquinois
- The Lhasa Apso
- The Shih Tzu
Common characteristics of old dog breeds
The oldest breeds of dogs in the world share some similarities in their physical constitution, but also in their character. As can be seen, they are dogs with a strong body and a well developed musculature whose coat predominates with shades of reddish, brown or sand.
As for their character, they are generally intelligent, active and very independent dogs. These breeds are very easy to educate and often independent, that is, they have great autonomy and are solitary. In addition, they tend to have keen senses and strong instinctive abilities, such as hunting or protecting resources in the area.
As pets, they can be excellent. However, they need to be given a lot of attention for training and socialization to prevent the development of behavioral problems. If you want to know the changes in appearance that different breeds of dogs have undergone during their evolution, see our article on the origin of dog breeds.
1 . The oldest dog breed in the world: Basenji
The oldest dog in the world is Basenji.
Basenji is considered the oldest dog in the world according to a scientific study that compares the genomic analysis of 161 dog breeds today. It is believed that their origins date back to the African continent, where they were used for hunting and prey tracking. His image was already represented in some Egyptian tombs that were near this area.
Basenji has gained popularity in recent years by some peculiarities inherent in its nature, for example, this dog does not emit the characteristic sound of a barking dog, but a very particular sound that sounds like a laugh. That’s why they are among the breeds of dogs that bark the least. In addition, they tend to look like felines and do not like water much.
2 .The Persian Greyhound
The Persian Greyhound or Chinese Hunting Dog, sometimes also called “Chinese saluki” is the second oldest race in the world dating back to 685 BC, during the Tang Dynasty. This dog has a unique profile. His former duties were hunting hare and protecting the houses.