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Dog Breeds : Golden retriever

The golden retriever, also called soberly “golden”, is a dog of British origin very popular since the 1990s. The English word means “golden reporter”, thus referring to its role during the hunt (it brings back the game ) and his coat.

The golden retriever: size, weight and hair


It is a medium sized dog, with droopy ears and black truffle. The male measures from 56 cm to 61 cm at the withers and weighs from 28 kg to 32 kg. Its fur is thick and silky, with a flat and wavy hair. Side health, it is a dog which can meet bone or articular problems, and suffer from affections oculaires.

The golden retriever is a sociable dog.

Character of the golden retriever:


The golden retriever is a sociable dog, docile, obedient, loving with his master and with children, which explains his popularity. He likes to please and fits easily into the family. It is also a service dog that has been selected to help the visually impaired and the disabled. The golden retriever enjoys walks and swimming; he can adapt to life in town because he barks little, but has to be out frequently.

His identity card:

Names: Golden Retriever, Golden Retriever.

Group: Group No. 8: Game Hunters – Game Hunting Dogs – Water Dogs. Section n ° 1: Game reporters.

Utility: Game Rapporteurs.

Size (height at the withers): between 56 and 61 cm for males and between 51 and 56 cm for females.

Weight: between 27 and 34 kg depending on size and sex.

Color: gold, creamy white or sienna.

Body: powerful, balanced and well proportioned.

Hair: rather long, the hair of the Golden Retriever can be smooth or wavy. The thick hair forms silky fringes and covers a dense undercoat, tight and impervious to water.

Care of the hair: the hair of the Golden Retriever requires regular brushing especially during moulting.

Head: harmonious and proportionate to the rest of the body.

Brown eyes.

Ears: drooping.

Tail: of good length, the tail of the Golden Retriever must reach his hocks.

Life expectancy: about 13 years old.

Need for expenses: important.

Note: The Golden Retriever is a dog that requires a lot of activity. Indeed, his need to spend himself mentally and physically is present, otherwise its too full of energy can make it difficult to manage. A daily walk, accompanied by a leisure activity will be the minimum to meet the needs of your Golden Retriever.

Possible activities: hunting, report activities, water activities, tracking, service dog, but also sports activities with his teacher, etc.

Apartment living: possible.

Note: The Golden Retriever, like most dogs, can live in an apartment because in any case with or without a garden your dog will have to go out and walk every day. In contrast, the Golden Retriever remains a large dog, so its integration into an apartment can be complicated depending on the layout of your home.

Compatibility with children: possible.

Note: The Golden Retriever can become a real “friend” for your kids, but of course you’ll have to get used to it as soon as it’s adopted and make sure certain safety rules are followed, like never letting your dog alone with children without the supervision of an adult. In the same logic, children should not be tyrannical or violent with their dog, of course.

Cohabitation with other animals: possible.

Note: The Golden remains a dog, so it will be necessary to make sure that the habituation with the other animals starts early and is positive for your dog.

Robustness: The Golden Retriever remains a robust dog, however it may be subject to certain skin problems including, its diet must be adapted.

His possible health problems:


The Golden Retriever, like many breed dogs, has predispositions to many diseases. It will therefore be necessary to be vigilant with the breeder to ensure the health of the puppies.

His ears are for example very fragile and must be maintained regularly to avoid the occurrence of otitis, painful for the dog and often long to treat.

The Golden Retriever also has some hepatic fragility that can expose it to diseases affecting this organ such as copper overload hepatitis. Dogs with this condition have a metabolic defect that prevents their liver from getting rid of “overfilling” copper in bile salts. The symptoms of this disease are not obvious to detect and can evoke many other diseases.

A dog suffering from this disease is slaughtered, no longer feeds and therefore loses weight. He sometimes vomits with diarrhea and feels the urge to drink and urinate. Later, when the disease progresses, jaundice, bleeding indicative of a bleeding disorder, neurological disorders, and severe swelling of the abdomen called ascites can be observed. Fortunately, this disease, when taken in time, is treated with drugs and a restriction of copper in the dog’s diet.

Golden Retrievers are also prone to dermatological diseases such as allergic dermatitis or not, vitiligo, furunculosis, folliculitis or even ichthyosis. The latter is an inherited disease that is manifested by the multiplication of large dandruff on the back and belly of the animal. His skin becomes very dry, rough and hyperpigmented. Special shampoos can help reduce the occurrence of infectious complications.

The Golden Retriever is also not spared from orthopedic problems such as dysplasia that can affect the elbow or the hip, or from ophthalmological problems such as juvenile cataract, retinal atrophy and degeneration, or the presence of aberrant eyelashes.

This list of diseases to which the Golden Retriever is predisposed is unfortunately not exhaustive. As a precaution, it is relevant to subscribe a mutual dog for your Golden. This insurance will help you cope with veterinary fees if your dog falls ill and provide immediate veterinary care.

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