Cat breeds : Russian blue

At first sight, the Russian Blue looks strangely like the Carthusian or the British Shorthair. But if you look a little closer, you will notice that the Russian Blue cats have characteristics of their own!

Appearance of Russian Blue

The look of the Russian Blue is rather graceful. With long legs and a weight of 3 to 5 kilos for a medium size, the Russian Blue cats are very different from the British Shorthair, a rather stocky appearance. The Russian Blue shares more physical characteristics with the Chartreux, with the exception of the eyes. The latter are rather yellow in the Chartreux and emerald in the Russian Blue.

The look of the Russian Blue is rather graceful. With long legs and a weight of 3 to 5 kilos for a medium size, the Russian Blue cats are very different from the British Shorthair, a rather stocky appearance. The Russian Blue shares more physical characteristics with the Chartreux, with the exception of the eyes. The latter are rather yellow in the Chartreux and emerald in the Russian Blue.

The head of these Russian Blue cats is cuneiform, their eyes and ears are quite distant. What characterizes them more particularly, it is their rather visible whiskers, which give them a particular expression.

The soft fur of the Russian Blue is distinguished by its color: this blue-gray of a silvery shine has given its name to the breed! The shadows, spots or tabby marks on the Russian Blue’s coat are often rejected by the breed standard. As a result, even his muzzle and legs must be blue. Certainly, nowadays, breeders have black and white cats that look like them, but they are not recognized by all breeding associations. Kittens, however, often have ghost marks, which should disappear at the latest after one year. In addition to their particular dress, the silky appearance of their coat is unique. The coat and the undercoat of the Russian Blue are of the same length. You could almost believe stroking a stuffed toy! The Russian Blue is actually the only cat breed recognized with such a coat!


Are you looking for a particularly intelligent and affectionate cat? So the Russian Blue Cat is for you.

Russian Blue is known to be a cuddly and moderately active cat. When they are young, kittens love to play and have an exceptional temperament, but this fades into adulthood. That’s why they are called indoor cats. But be careful, the Russian Blue is particularly intelligent, he likes to be encouraged and solicited! It is not a problem for most Russian Blue cats to open doors or drawers. If these cats are not busy, bad ideas may go through their heads. They are very close to their surroundings and will have a lot of fun playing with you.

A training with a clicker for a cat can satisfy the curious spirit of the Russian Blue. These cats love cat toys as much as hiding games to find food. Some Russian Blue cats are even able to learn tricks!

The Russian Blue particularly appreciates the family spirit and should in no way live alone. If he lives indoors and family members are not often at home, then he must have a companion. Do not feel obligated to adopt a second Russian Blue cat because they behave just as well with other cat breeds.

As for all cats, a good socialization is essential, in order to ensure a happy coexistence. If you want to buy a Russian Blue kitten from a professional breeder, you will have to wait until its 12th week.

History of Russian Blue

The Russian Blue are not all identical, in fact, there are today three “types” in Europe. Because of their respective stories, they differ enormously.

  • The Siberian / Scandinavian type is smaller than average, particularly elegant. His ears are spread. It has a darker color and is fearful of humans. This is why it is rarely found on farms.
  • The American type is the most graceful. He is of average height with a rather clear color and his ears are widely separated from each other. He enjoys contact with foreigners.
  • The English type is robust, and its thin ears positioned vertically are very characteristic. Its character combines that of the Siberian and American type.

But why each type has so many differences? This is explained by the story of the Russian Blue. As its name suggests, this breed is native to Russia. We assume that this natural breed comes from the northern port city of Arkhangelsk, and was imported in 1860 by British sailors to England. We find the first mentions of the Russian Blue cats in the books in 1865. They were then presented as “archangel cats” at the Crystal Palace in England. In the 19th century, the breed was very popular both in England and Russia. Since 1937, the Russian Blue is recognized as a race in its own right. During the war, the numbers of the breed declined sharply. Crosses with Siamese, Britisch Shorthair and European Shorthair allowed the breed to survive. That’s why the Russian Blue’s coat has become shorter and denser and its eyes a deep emerald green.

But his story does not stop there! Especially with regard to the recognition of black and white Russian Blue. In the 1960s, “The White and Black Russian Program” was created and Frances McLeod of Arctic began breeding cats “White Russian” and “Black Russian”. Then the Australian Mavis Jones mated in the 70’s a domestic white cat to a Russian Blue. His goal was to get a new color variant for the “White Russian” race.

Later, in the 1970s, this hybrid Russian Blue Cat was recognized by the Royal Agricultural Society (RAS) Cat Club of New South Wales as a variant of Russian Blue. Meanwhile, the variants of White Russian and Black Russian have also been recognized by the Australian, New Zealand and South African Breeding Federation. The American association Cat Fanciers awarded Black Russian and White Russian Championchip status and presented it under the name “Russian Shorthair”. Its racial standard corresponds to that of the Russian Blue, it must however be of a white or black color. As for the Russian Blue, the eyes must be bright green. However, the majority of breeding federations only recognize the blue-gray variant.

Care of Russian Blue

Thanks to its unique and doubled coat, the Russian Blue only loses very few hairs. It is also due to the fact that it produces less Fel d1 glycoprotein, which will delight people with allergies to cat hair. The glycoprotein is known to be one of the triggers of allergies to cat hair. There is evidence that people with allergies tolerate Russian Blue better than other cats.

The fur lined with the Russian Blue is particularly appreciated and requires little care. As a general rule, brush it with a cat brush once a week to remove excess hair.

A check-up every year at the vet is an obligation for all cats. It is not just about vaccination, but a preventive examination to examine the heart, lungs and mouth of the cat to eventually treat the caries in time.

We lend the Russian Blue a soft and low voice. Their kind nature makes them ideal pets. However, do not forget that Russian Blue is a remarkably intelligent animal that likes to be challenged mentally and physically! You have to make available a rich and varied environment with possibilities to hide, climb, let off steam but also to rest. The Russian Blue likes to play with people around him: use cat fishing rods, hide treats everywhere and train with a clicker.

Diseases of Russian Blue

Russian Blue has a robust physique and does not seem to be predestined for genetic diseases. However, a preventive examination is essential, because a Russian Blue is not immune to any injuries or diseases! Outdoor cats must be vaccinated at an early age in order to be immunized against infectious diseases such as feline influenza, rabies as well as cats’ colds and colds.

Russian Blue Food

A balanced diet is essential for healthy cat voting. As a carnivore, cats can only digest a low carbohydrate and their food must consist largely of high quality animal protein. Ready-to-eat food should contain a high proportion of meat and a small amount of plant components to keep your cat healthy. Currently, many teachers are looking at BARF diet, which is a “Biologically Appropriate Raw Food”.

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